Everywhere we go, whoever we talk to, everyone has had a loved one they have lost to cancer. Although cancer, in the past, was considered a disease inherited by family members, in the present it does not seem so. Cancer is a term referred to more than 100 different types of malignant diseases. Each is extremely unique and has its own cause, symptoms and treatment methods. In this essay, I would wish to discuss three very common types of cancer. These are breast cancer, blood cancer, and lung cancer.
Breast cancer is a common cancer affecting mostly women. This cancer forms in the tissues of the breast. Breast cancer, most often, develops in the lining of the milk ducts. Because of this, it is known as ductal carcinoma. Lobular carcinoma is another type that begins in the milk glands. Sometimes, cancer becomes malignant. When this occurs it can spread fast to different areas of the body. As males have breasts too, they too stand the risk of getting breast cancer, although this is very rare. According to the National Cancer Institute, 232,670 females may be affected with cancer in 2014. The World Health Organization stated that 8.2 million people died of cancer in 2012. Survival is possible with early detection. If this menace is detected during its early stages, proper treatment can prevent its invasion of the body.
Blood cancer begins in the bone marrow and affects the production and function of blood cells. Stem cells can be found in the bone marrow. These mature and develop and divide into the three types. These are red and white blood cells and platelets. When affected with this, there is interruption to the normal development of blood cells due to the uncontrolled growth of abnormal blood cells. These are cancerous blood cells. They prevent the blood from doing its normal job, which includes fighting off diseases etc. Leukemia is one type of blood cancer which occurs due to the abnormal growth of white blood cells. This inhibits the production of red blood cells and platelets. Lymphoma is another blood cancer that affects the lymphatic system. This affects the immune system. Myeloma is another blood cancer that targets plasma cells. Myeloma prevents normal antibody production and this increases the chances of infection and various diseases. Blood cancers are hereditary.
Cancer that forms in the lung tissue is referred to as lung cancer. Lung cancer affects the lungs and prevents oxygen from entering the blood stream. Lung cancer develops due to the production of abnormal cells in the lungs. These cells reproduce and take over the body and prevent it from carrying out its functions. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 201,144 people were diagnosed with lung cancer in 2010. The American Lung Association estimates approximately 159,000 will die of lung cancer in 2014.
When a person gets a positive diagnosis of cancer, it is similar to sitting on a time bomb. There is no cure for cancer. However, there have been many breakthroughs leading to the ability to prolong life. Cancer can be contained with early detection. There are also various treatment options available that can prolong life. However, that is all it does. Just, prolong life.